Department of Land and Natural Resources, Division of Forestry and Wildlife
Kawainui Marsh represents the largest remaining wetland in the State of Hawai‘i. It was recognized as a Ramsar Wetland of International Importance in 2005 for its historical, biological, and cultural significance. Proper management and restoration of Kawainui marsh is critical to maintain and enhance the important breeding, nesting, feeding, and refuge site for endangered and threatened native water birds. The marsh also plays a critical role in the Ko‘olau Poko region watershed as an important flood control, sediment trap, and biological filter, for the protection of ocean resources.
The long term goal of the restoration efforts is to restore and enhance Kawainui Marsh to a vital and functional wetland system, including the restoration of adjacent upland boundary areas, for the benefit of native Hawaiian wetland bird species and restoring the important beneficial biological functions of a wetland that helps to maintain inland and coastal water quality. Other goals and opportunities include research, education, recreation, and cultural functions of the marsh resource.
Page from the Kawainui Wetland Restoration Manual